Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2013 Dec 19; 5(4):141-146

Detection of patients with risk of developing diabetis in community pharmacies in Pontevedra

Fornos Pérez JA1, Andrés Rodríguez NF2, Andrés Iglesias JC3, Acuña Ferradanes A4, Costas González D5, Mera Gallego R2
1. Farmacéutico comunitario en Cangas do Morrazo (Pontevedra) Grupo Berbés de Investigación y Docencia en Atención Farmacéutica. Grupo de Diabetes de la Sociedad Española de Farmacia Comunitaria. 2. Farmacéutico comunitario en Vigo (Pontevedra). Grupo Berbés de Investigación y Docencia en Atención Farmacéutica. Grupo de Diabetes de la Sociedad Española de Farmacia Comunitaria. 3. Farmacéutico comunitario en Vigo (Pontevedra). Grupo Berbés de Investigación y Docencia en Atención Farmacéutica. 4. Farmacéutico comunitario en Bueu (Pontevedra). Grupo Berbés de Investigación y Docencia en Atención Farmacéutica. Grupo de Diabetes de la Sociedad Española de Farmacia Comunitaria. 5. Alumno de Prácticas Tuteladas de Farmacia en Cangas do Morrazo (Pontevedra)
Fornos JA, Andrés NF, Andrés JC, Acuña A, Costas D, Mera R. Detección de pacientes con riesgo de desarrollar diabetes en farmacias comunitarias de Pontevedra. Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2013 Dec 19; 5 (4): 141-146
Abstract : 

<div style="text-align: justify;">OBJECTIVE&nbsp;To evaluate the use of the findrisk&nbsp;questionnaire in community pharmacies&nbsp;for detecting people at risk of&nbsp;suffering from type II diabetes in the&nbsp;province of Pontevedra.&nbsp;METHODOLOGY&nbsp;A descriptive transversal study. Piloting&nbsp;of a project with a similar design&nbsp;that will be carried out nationally. Area and population of the study:&nbsp;people aged 18 and over who are not&nbsp;diagnosed with diabetes and/or hypoglycemia&nbsp;treatment, users of 13 pharmacies&nbsp;in Pontevedra during January&nbsp;2013, selected at random. Method: the subjects included in the&nbsp;study were administered the findrisk&nbsp;questionnaire by students doing practical work experience under the tutelage&nbsp;of the Faculty of Pharmacy of the&nbsp;University of Santiago. The subjects&nbsp;were classified according to low, light,&nbsp;moderate, high and very high risk and&nbsp;each of them were given an educational&nbsp;talk. Those who got a score of&nbsp;≥12 points were recommended to visit&nbsp;their doctor.&nbsp;RESULTS AND DISCUSSION&nbsp;381 subjects filled in the questionnaire&nbsp;correctly. Men 142 (37.3%), women&nbsp;239 (62.7%). The average score for the&nbsp;FINDRISC test was lower in women (7.8&nbsp;± 4.6) than in men (8.7 ± 4.5), however&nbsp;the difference was not statistically&nbsp;signifi cant (Student’s t-distribution =&nbsp;1.7355, p= 0.0835). A higher percentage&nbsp;of men with a medium to high risk&nbsp;was also found (27.5% vs. 23.0%).&nbsp;CONCLUSION&nbsp;Figures concerning the risk of developing&nbsp;diabetes have been found&nbsp;10 years before those found in other&nbsp;areas. The application of the Findrisk&nbsp;questionnaire poses no problems when&nbsp;administered to users in community&nbsp;pharmacies. This supports it as being&nbsp;an ideal health centre for carrying out&nbsp;the screening of people with undiagnosed&nbsp;diabetes, obtaining a high level&nbsp;of efficacy.</div>

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