Farm Comunitarios. Forthcoming 2024. doi: 10.33620/FC.2173-9218.(2024).32

Detection of people at risk of diabetes in the community pharmacy with the Findrisc test in the years 2014-2021

Fornos-Pérez J1, Mera-Gallego I2, Jaraiz-Magariños I3, Huarte-Royo J4, Mera-Gallego R5, Andrés-Rodríguez N6
1. PhD Pharmacy. Community pharmacist in Cangas do Morrazo (Pontevedra). Associate Professor of the USC Faculty of Pharmacy. SEFAC Diabetes Working Group. 2. Graduate in Pharmacy. Degree in Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Community pharmacy in Maella (Zaragoza). Coordinator of the SEFAC Diabetes Working Group. 3. Graduate in Pharmacy. Community pharmacy in Pola de Siero (Asturias). SEFAC Diabetes Working Group. 4. Graduate in Pharmacy. Community pharmacist in Pamplona (Navarra). SEFAC Diabetes Working Group. 5. Graduate in Pharmacy. Community pharmacist in Vigo (Pontevedra). SEFAC Diabetes Working Group. 6. PhD Pharmacy. Retired community pharmacist in Vigo (Pontevedra). SEFAC Diabetes Working Group.
Fornos-Pérez J, Mera-Gallego I, Jaraiz-Magariños I, Huarte-Royo J, Mera-Gallego R, Andrés-Rodríguez N. Detection of people at risk of diabetes in the community pharmacy with the Findrisc test in the years 2014-2021. Farm Comunitarios. Forthcoming 2024. doi: 10.33620/FC.2173-9218.(2024).32
Abstract : 

Aim: To analyze diabetes risk screening using the Findrisc questionnaire, performed in Spanish community pharmacies (CP) since 2014.

Methods: Cumulative descriptive study of the results of the World Diabetes Day campaigns, in 2014, 2016-2018, 2020 and 2021.

Subjects: users ≥18 years not diagnosed with diabetes with signed consent.

Variables: Findrisc test score m (SD) and participants in risk intervals, n (%). Demographic (sex, age) and anthropometric variables, body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), capillary glycemia m (SD) (mg/dl).

Results: 1146 pharmacists, 12402 users. 8799 (70.9 %) had BMI ≥25 Kg/m2. 7366 (59.4 %) were taking antihypertensive drugs. 6047 (48.8 %) with unhealthy abdominal perimeter. 5962 (48.0 %) had a family history of diabetes.

The mean risk (F score) was 11.3 (4.6), with no differences between sexes (p<0.05).

The number of participants with high/very high risk (F≥15) was 3107 (25.0%) with no differences between sexes (p<0.05). High/very high risk increased with age, from 282 (15.1%) persons aged 45-54 years to 1695 (40.1%) persons >64 years. A total of 1762 (14.2% of the total) were referred to a physician.

Mean interview time: 10.3 (5.3) minutes, with no differences between sexes (p<0.05).

Conclusions: One quarter of the respondents were at high/very high risk and one in seven were referred to a physician.

The most prevalent risk factors were BMI, hypertension, abdominal circumference and family history of diabetes.

Interprofessional communication should be improved, as no results were obtained from referrals to the physician.

Editor: © SEFAC. Sociedad Española de Farmacia Clínica, Familiar y Comunitaria. 
Copyright© SEFAC. Sociedad Española de Farmacia Clínica, Familiar y Comunitaria. This article is available from url https://www.farmaceuticoscomunitarios.org/. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.en

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