Aim: To analyze diabetes risk screening using the Findrisc questionnaire, performed in Spanish community pharmacies (CP) since 2014.
Methods: Cumulative descriptive study of the results of the World Diabetes Day campaigns, in 2014, 2016-2018, 2020 and 2021.
Subjects: users ≥18 years not diagnosed with diabetes with signed consent.
Variables: Findrisc test score m (SD) and participants in risk intervals, n (%). Demographic (sex, age) and anthropometric variables, body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), capillary glycemia m (SD) (mg/dl).
Results: 1146 pharmacists, 12402 users. 8799 (70.9 %) had BMI ≥25 Kg/m2. 7366 (59.4 %) were taking antihypertensive drugs. 6047 (48.8 %) with unhealthy abdominal perimeter. 5962 (48.0 %) had a family history of diabetes.
The mean risk (F score) was 11.3 (4.6), with no differences between sexes (p<0.05).
The number of participants with high/very high risk (F≥15) was 3107 (25.0%) with no differences between sexes (p<0.05). High/very high risk increased with age, from 282 (15.1%) persons aged 45-54 years to 1695 (40.1%) persons >64 years. A total of 1762 (14.2% of the total) were referred to a physician.
Mean interview time: 10.3 (5.3) minutes, with no differences between sexes (p<0.05).
Conclusions: One quarter of the respondents were at high/very high risk and one in seven were referred to a physician.
The most prevalent risk factors were BMI, hypertension, abdominal circumference and family history of diabetes.
Interprofessional communication should be improved, as no results were obtained from referrals to the physician.