Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has caused important changes in the health system and, as a consequence, delays in the control of chronic pathologies. In addition, the confinement imposed a series of restrictions that modified the usual conditions, so it is of interest to know its influence on the patient with hypertension.
Objectives: To determine changes in healthy lifestyle habits during confinement, in treated hypertensive patients and that could aggravate their cardiovascular risk (CVR).
Methods: Observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out from June 10 to July 10, 2020 in Spanish community pharmacies. The patients completed a questionnaire about their knowledge of their disease and factors that could be affected during confinement.
Results: 215 patients participated. 84.7% claimed to know their disease, 56.7% knew their blood pressure (BP) values. 9.6% did not control it before, rising to 46.3% during confinement. The majority maintained their healthy lifestyle habits, except for exercise where it decreased by 68.4%. 34.9% reported having suffered anxiety; 27% are afraid to go to the infirmary, 27.9% to the doctor and 10.2% to the pharmacy. 56.7% used telemedicine.
Conclusions: Within healthy habits,the confinement has not substantially modified eating habits but has led to a significant decrease in physical exercise and weight gain in half of the patients, which, together with the decrease in the control of values and monitoring, has a negative impact on the control of blood pressure (BP) and CVR.