Farm Com. 2022 Oct 21;14(4):18-26. doi: 10.33620/FC.2173-9218.(2022/Vol14).004.03

Changes produced in patients with hypertension during confinement that could modify their cardiovascular risk

Prado Álvarez A1, 2, 3, Villasuso B1, 4, Prats Mas R1, 5, Penín Álvarez O1, 6
1. Grupo de Hipertensión arterial y riesgo cardiovascular de la Sociedad Española de Farmacia Clínica, Familiar y Comunitaria 2. Diplomada en Salud pública. Doctoranda en Farmacia y Salud 3. Farmacéutica comunitaria en Cantabria 4. Farmacéutica titular en Mugardos (A Coruña) 5. Doctora en Farmacia. Farmacéutica titular en Denia (Alicante) 6. Farmacéutico titular en Celanova (Ourense)
Prado A, Villasuso B, Prats R, Penín O. Cambios producidos en el paciente con hipertensión durante el confinamiento que podrían modificar su riesgo cardiovascular. Farm Com. 2022 Oct 21;14(4):18-26. doi: 10.33620/FC.2173-9218.(2022/Vol14).004.03
Abstract : 

Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has caused important changes in the health system and, as a consequence, delays in the control of chronic pathologies. In addition, the confinement imposed a series of restrictions that modified the usual conditions, so it is of interest to know its influence on the patient with hypertension.

Objectives: To determine changes in healthy lifestyle habits during confinement, in treated hypertensive patients and that could aggravate their cardiovascular risk (CVR).

Methods: Observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out from June 10 to July 10, 2020 in Spanish community pharmacies. The patients completed a questionnaire about their knowledge of their disease and factors that could be affected during confinement.

Results: 215 patients participated. 84.7% claimed to know their disease, 56.7% knew their blood pressure (BP) values. 9.6% did not control it before, rising to 46.3% during confinement. The majority maintained their healthy lifestyle habits, except for exercise where it decreased by 68.4%. 34.9% reported having suffered anxiety; 27% are afraid to go to the infirmary, 27.9% to the doctor and 10.2% to the pharmacy. 56.7% used telemedicine.

Conclusions: Within healthy habits,the confinement has not substantially modified eating habits but has led to a significant decrease in physical exercise and weight gain in half of the patients, which, together with the decrease in the control of values ​​and monitoring, has a negative impact on the control of blood pressure (BP) and CVR. 


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