Farm Com. 2018 Dec 28;10(4):20-26. doi: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2018/Vol10).004.04

CRIDECO Project. Screening for cognitive impairment in community pharmacy based on subjective memory complaint

Climent Catalá MT1, Moreno Royo L2, Gasull Molinera V3, Sánchez Roy R4, Pérez Tur J5
1. Farmacéutica comunitaria, doctora en farmacia. 2. Catedrática de farmacología. Universidad Cardenal Herrera CEU. 3. Médico de Atención Primaria Comunidad Valenciana (SEMERGEN-CV). 4. Jefe de Servicio de Neurología Hospital Arnau de Vilanova (SVN). 5. Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia (IBV-CSIC).
Climent MT, Moreno L, Gasull V, Sánchez R, Pérez J. Proyecto CRIDECO: Cribado de deterioro cognitivo en farmacia comunitaria a partir de la queja subjetiva de memoria. Farm Com. 2018 Dec 28;10(4):20-26. doi: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2018/Vol10).004.04
Abstract : 

The aim of this study is to develop a screening program for cognitive impairment (CI) in people older than 50 year old. In order to make the pharmaceutical professional service more cost-effective, we will use a decision tree for patient’s selection.

In addition, to assess the importance of the Mediterranean diet and the consumption of antioxidants in the prevention of cognitive deterioration and study genetic markers of risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

A cross-sectional observational study is designed by a structured personal interview in patients showing signs of cognitive impairment. The recruitment study will be conducted in pharmacies from September 2018 to September 2019. Patients with a score on the tests with possible CI will be referred to primary care previous presentation of the project to the medical coordination. The result of the diagnosis obtained in primary and / or specialized care will be pursued.  The Memory Impairment Test (MIS), the Short Portable Mental State Questionnaire (SPMSQ) of Pfeiffer, the Semantic Verbal Fluency (FVS) and, whenever possible, the Informer Test (TIN) will be used as screening tests. Cognitive impairment is defined by MIS ≤4; SPMSQ ≥ 3 (for illiterates ≥ 4); FVS ≤10 words. The value of TIN> 57. In turn, a sample of the patient’s saliva, for genetic study, and nutrition data are collected through a survey to assess the importance of the Mediterranean diet and antioxidant foods in CI prevention.

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