Farm Com. 2018 Mar 30;10(1):18-32. doi: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2018/Vol10).001.04

Analysis of the demand for antibiotics in community pharmacy with private prescription, irregular prescription and without prescription (self-medication): profile of the participating pharmacies and community pharmacists

Molinero A1, 2, 3, 4, Carbajal de-Lara JA1, 2, 5, 6, Cantalapiedra Fernández F1, 7, 8, 9, Eguilleor Villena A1, 10, 11, Gutiérrez Ríos P1, 1, 11, 12
1. Grupo de trabajo de antibióticos de SEFAC. 2. Doctor en Farmacia. 3. Profesor Asociado de la Universidad de Alcalá de Henares. 4. Farmacéutica comunitaria en Fuenlabrada. 5. Profesor Asociado de la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha 6. Farmacéutico comunitario en Albacete 7. Profesor Asociado de la Universidad de Alcalá de Henares. 8. Licenciado en Farmacia. 9. Farmacéutico comunitario en Alcalá de Henares. 10. Licenciado en Farmacia. 11. Farmacéutico comunitario en Madrid. 12. Profesor Asociado de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Molinero A, Carbajal JA, Cantalapiedra F, Eguilleor A, Gutiérrez P. Análisis de la demanda de antibióticos en farmacia comunitaria con receta privada, prescripción irregular y sin receta (automedicación): perfil de las farmacias y los farmacéuticos comunitarios participantes. Farm Com. 2018 Mar 30;10(1):18-32. doi: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2018/Vol10).001.04
Abstract : 

Background: Antibiotic resistance is one of the main challenges facing medicine today. It is a growing threat to public health that affects all countries in the world, since the new mechanisms of resistance spread on an international scale.

Objectives: To analyse the professional profile and level of participation of the CFs conducting the study.

To describe the type of pharmacy, location and level of participation.

Method: A prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive, observational multicentre study to be carried out in Spanish community pharmacies during four weeks - one in each season of the year. A case report form (CRF) is designed for collection of the following variables: type of pharmacist and pharmacy, sociodemographic data, antibiotic requested, type and reason for request, specialty of the prescribing physician, type of treatment, knowledge of the process of antibiotic use, drug-related problems and negative medication outcomes identified, and pharmacist behaviour and intervention.

A platform is available for data compilation.

Results: A total of 341 community pharmacists (57.3% owners and 35.6% responsible pharmacist) in 247 community pharmacies (65.6% local pharmacies) have registered in the study.

Conclusions: The pharmacists involved in this study are mostly female, responsible pharmacist and the most participative owners. 

The Autonomous Regions with the largest number of participating pharmacies were Comunidad Valenciana and Cataluña, and the ones that registered the most were the pharmacies in Comunidad Valenciana.

The pharmacies classified as local pharmacies have been the majority and those that have registered the highest number of cases.

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