Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2017 Jun 30; 9(2):24-38 DOI: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2017/Vol9).002.03

Design of a nutritional service at a community pharmacy in Seville (Spain) and descriptive analysis of the results from the first year

Merchán Cornello MA1, de-la-Matta Martín MJ2, Luis Amado AM3, Lorenzo Murillo RM3, Martín Calero MJ2
1. Graduada en Nutrición Humana y Dietética 2. Farmacéutica comunitaria en Sevilla (España). Doctora en Farmacia. Grupo de Investigación en Farmacoterapia y Atención Farmacéutica, CTS-528, Universidad de Sevilla. 3. Farmacéutica comunitaria en Sevilla (España)
Merchán MA, de-la-Matta MJ, Luis AM, Lorenzo RM, Martín MJ. Diseño de un servicio de nutrición en una farmacia comunitaria de Sevilla (España) y análisis descriptivo de los resultados del primer año. Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2017 Jun 30; 9 (2): 24-38 DOI: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2017/Vol9).002.03
Abstract : 

Introduction: A high percentage of patients registered in the database of a pharmacy in Seville (Spain) were overweight, in association with poor dietary practices. In order to help improving their health status, we undertook the implementation of a nutrition service.

Materials and methods: During the months of November-December 2014, the service was publicized, and explanatory talks were given. The service was inaugurated in January 2015. With the data recorded between January 2015 and January 2016, based on personalized interviews, we made an observational-descriptive and longitudinal study, analyzing the nutritional habits of the patient, their anthropometric parameters (Body Mass Index, BMI and waist circumference, WC) and clinical parameters (Blood Pressure, BP), controlling them in successive visits.

Results: The sample (n = 77, 25-64 years), 66 women (85.7%) and 11 men (14.3%) had a BMI= 33.2 ±5.6 kg/m2 and a BW = 97.2±13.9 cm. 24.1% were overweight, 57.5% presented some type of obesity (I or II), and 11.5% were morbidly obese (BMI> 40). Anxiety, constipation and thyroid diseases predominated among women (56.6%, 38.2% and 19.7%) and HTA in males (54.5% p <0.05); there were no differences in the percentage of dyslipemics (27.3% and 27.6%), diabetics (9.1% and 6.6%) or smokers (18.2% and 15.8%), but there was in the percentage of consumers of alcoholic beverages (63.6% men and 36.8% women, p<0.05). A majority of interviewees admitted not to do exercise. 

We registered 8.6±5.5 visits/year/patient, achieving a loss of 4.5±3.8 kg of weight, 1.7±1.5 kg/m2 of BMI (p<0.05) and 4.8±3.8 cm WC (p<0.05). 71.4% of the patients reached the proposed weight goals. Some of them agreed to join other pharmacy services: pharmacotherapeutic follow-up (PF) (5%) and cardiovascular risk (CVR) prevention (6%).

Conclusions: After a year, the service is clearly established, has benefited a large part of its users and has allowed some referrals to other pharmaceutical services.

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