Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 6(Suplemento 1)

Food consumption patterns and nutrient intake of the Balearic Islands adolescents

Llull Vila R, Bibiloni Esteve MM, Martínez Sampol E, Tur Marí JA.
Llull R, Bibiloni MM, Martínez E, Tur JA. Food consumption patterns and nutrient intake of the Balearic Islands adolescents. Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 6(Suplemento 1)
Resumen: 

OBJECTIVES: to assess the food consumption patterns and the nutrient intake of the Balearic Islands adolescents.

METHOD: a cross-sectional nutritional survey (2007-2008) was carried out among the Balearic Islands adolescents (12-17 years old; n=1231). Two non-consecutive 24 h recalls and a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) as well as questions on usual cooking methods was used to assess usual food and beverage consumption. RESULTS: differences in food consumption between sexes were found. Boys had higher consumption of bread, cereals, dairy products, meat (without poultry), sausages, eggs and soft drinks than girls. Girls showed higher vegetables consumptions than boys. Energy intake and energy intake per kg of body weight were significantly higher in boys than in girls. The contribution of protein and car-bohydrate to energy intake showed no differences between genders, but the contribution of complex carbohydrate to energy were higher in boys than in girls. Fibre intake was higher in boys, but fibre intake expressed per energy intake was higher in girls. The contribution of total fat, PUFA and MUFA to energy intake was higher in girls. Cholesterol intake was higher in boys. Consumption of meat (without poultry), sausages, industrial bakery and dairy products were correlated with to the SFA intake. Grup de Nu­trició Comunitaria i Estrés Oxidatiu y Ciberobn. Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición. Universitat de les Illes Balears. 07122 Palma de Mallorca.

CONCLUSIONS: this study shows disparities between sexes in case of fibre and fats intake, especially for the SFA intake. Girls showed higher fat, MUFA and PUFA intake but lower cholesterol and SFA; and then a healthier fat intake quality than boys. Consumption of meat (without poultry), sausages, industrial bakery and dairy products was higher in boys than in girls, food items closely linked to SFA intake. Girls showed a higher intake of vegetable, linked to fibre intake. Póster presentado en el Congreso de la SFN (Société Francaise de Nutrition 2009)