Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2017 Mar 30; 9(1):5-13 DOI: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2017/Vol9).001.02

Detection and monitoring of malnutrition in the elderly not institutionalized by the community pharmacist in the Balearic Islands

Baixauli López V, Vanrell Garau B, Llull Vila R, González González A, Servera Barco M.
Baixauli V, Vanrell B, Llull R, González A, Servera M. Detección y seguimiento de desnutrición en ancianos no institucionalizados por el farmacéutico comunitario en las Islas Baleares. Farmacéuticos Comunitarios. 2017 Mar 30; 9(1):5-13 DOI: 10.5672/FC.2173-9218.(2017/Vol9).001.02
Abstract : 

Introduction: Malnutrition is a factor of morbidity and mortality that goes unnoticed. For that reason, an early detection and treatment can improve evolution and prognosis. Pharmacist can be a useful piece in early detection and monitoring of malnutrition

Objective: To compare nutritional status of elderly non- institutionalized people over the age of 65 in Balearic Island before and after pharmaceutical intervention and to estimate prevalence and risk factors of malnutrition in that segment of the population.

Material and methods: A screening was conducted using the MNA questionnaire, between elderly non-institutionalized people over 65 years that came to the pharmacy. In case of risk of malnutrition or malnutrition, the pharmacist gave patients some nutritional recommendations and monitored them at third and sixth month

Results: 392 surveys were collected and it was estimated at 0,8% of malnutrition and a 12,2% of risk of malnutrition. Only 14 patients finished the whole follow-up study and 45% of them improved their nutritional status, but those results were not statistically significant.

Discussion and conclusions: Pharmacist can contribute in early detection of malnutrition and can improve and monitor nutritional status of malnourished patients. Even tough, improvement of nutritional status was due to pharmaceutical intervention, more studies are needed to confirm the effect of such intervention.

Article download link: